A Lifschitz-Slyozov type model for adipocyte size dynamics : limit from Becker-Döring system and numerical simulations


Biological data show that the size distribution of adipose cells follows a bimodal distribution. In this work, we introduce a Lifshitz-Slyozov type model, based on a transport partial differential equation, for the dynamics of the size distribution of adipose cells. We prove a new convergence result from the related Becker-Döring model, a system composed of several ordinary differential equations, toward mild solutions of the Lifshitz-Slyozov model using distribution tail techniques. Then, this result allows us to propose a new advective-diffusive model, the second-order diffusive Lifshitz-Slyozov model, which is expected to better fit the experimental data. Numerical simulations of the solutions to the diffusive Lifshitz-Slyozov model are performed using a well- balanced scheme and compared to solutions to the transport model. Those simulations show that both bimodal and unimodal profiles can be reached asymptotically depending on several parameters. We put in evidence that the asymptotic profile for the second-order system does not depend on initial conditions, unlike for the transport Lifshitz-Slyozov model.

Léo Meyer
PhD student in Mathematics

My research interests include mathematical biology, modeling, partial differential equation and numerical simulations.